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zkSync in Action: Transforming DeFi with Advanced Scaling Technologies

Mar 20, 2024
zkSync in Action: Transforming DeFi with Advanced Scaling Technologies
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ZkSync, which stands out for its contribution to reducing the cost and speeding up transactions, plays a key role in improving the efficiency of transactions on Ethereum. Ethereum, a leader in the development of smart contracts, DeFi and the popularization of NFTs, has faced scalability issues and high transaction costs due to its popularity. The move to PoS consensus has helped improve its energy efficiency and scalability, and integration with layer 2 technologies such as zk-Rollups has further improved it.

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zkSync in action: Transforming DeFi with advanced scaling technologies - news

What is zkSync

zkSync is an advanced technology for enhancing the scalability of Ethereum, increasing transaction volume and reducing costs through the use of zk-rollups. This system allows for processing a large number of transactions off the main Ethereum network, reducing the load on it and maintaining a high level of security. zkSync simplifies the process by taking some of the load off the main network by processing data off-chain and only recording the result on Ethereum.

Developed by Matter Labs, zkSync was first launched in 2020 and received a significant update with zkSync 2.0 in 2022, adding support for smart contracts and compatibility with the Ethereum Virtual Machine. Based on zero-knowledge cryptography, zkSync optimizes transactions by batching them together, allowing the Ethereum network to process operations more efficiently.

zkSync continues to evolve, implementing zkEVM to facilitate the migration of smart contracts and applications to Ethereum, providing a more efficient and cost-effective Layer 2 solution. This positions zkSync alongside other Ethereum scaling solutions like Polygon, Optimism, and Arbitrum, each aiming to improve network throughput, security, and cost-effectiveness. Ultimately, zkSync stands out for its capabilities in speed, cost, and security, reinforcing Ethereum's core principles.

Benefits of zkSync

The advantages of zkSync include:

  • significant scalability improvement;
  • affordability;
  • efficiency;
  • transaction security on Ethereum.

zkSync's ability to enhance Ethereum's throughput from 14 to over 2000 transactions per second is achieved through the use of zk-rollup technology, which batches multiple transactions into one, speeding up their processing and verification.

zkSync's cost-effectiveness stems from processing transactions off the main network, which reduces gas costs and makes the platform suitable for microtransactions due to reduced transactional overhead. Additionally, off-chain transaction processing helps reduce congestion on the Ethereum network, leading to faster transaction confirmations and increasing the overall efficiency of the network, especially during peak loads.

Protection and reliability in zkSync are ensured through the zero-knowledge proof system, which allows transactions to be verified without revealing personal information, enhancing privacy and protecting against security threats.

Overall, zkSync transforms the approach to managing scalability, cost, load, and security on the Ethereum platform, establishing it as a key technology for the future of blockchain and cryptocurrency operations.

zkSync in action: Transforming DeFi with advanced scaling technologies - news

Blockchain Platform Issues

zkSync's consensus mechanism, integrating Byzantine fault tolerance (pBFT) and delegated proof of stake (DPoS), is aimed at accelerating Ethereum blockchain transactions, with the goal of balancing processing speed and maintaining a decentralized structure.

In the context of consensus, where security confronts centralization, pBFT and DPoS play a key role in speeding up transaction processing within zkSync. pBFT is noted for its ability to achieve consensus even with faulty nodes, while DPoS increases the scalability of consensus by delegating voting power to a select group of nodes based on their stake in the network.

Centralization becomes an issue when these mechanisms, particularly DPoS, enhance the dominance of a smaller number of nodes in the network, potentially undermining the fundamental principles of decentralization and trustlessness inherent in blockchain.

Regarding the integration of wallets and exchanges, support for second-level solutions, including those like zkSync, is becoming increasingly common, which is critically important for their widespread adoption and convenience for end users.

Synchronization issues can lead to erroneous transactions, especially if wallets and exchanges are not fully aligned with second-level networks, increasing the risk of fund loss.

To reduce this risk, it is necessary to improve user interfaces and enrich educational resources to ensure a clearer distinction between different networks and to increase awareness of the second level. This also includes implementing precautionary measures by wallets and exchanges to inform users about potential risks when conducting transactions.

Although zkSync contributes to improved transaction performance in Ethereum, it is crucial to carefully balance the dangers of centralization and the high efficiency of consensus mechanisms. In addition, enhanced wallet and exchange platform support, along with increased user education, play a vital role in ensuring safe and efficient interaction with second-level networks like zkSync.

Decentralized Applications on zkSync

The development of the zkSync ecosystem is gaining momentum, as evidenced by the presence of over 100 projects deployed on this platform. This demonstrates the increasing influence and capabilities of zkSync in the blockchain sphere. Below is a brief overview of some significant decentralized applications (DApps) operating based on zkSync technology:

Project Description Features
Curve AMM Pioneer on zkSync Popularizing the AMM model, expanding on zkSync. TVL on zkSync is lower, but it highlights the growth and potential of zkSync.
ZigZag Decentralized Exchange on zkSync Non-custodial exchange using zk-Rollup for spot trading. Token exchange without fees, bridge between zkSync and Ethereum.
Yearn Finance Investment Strategies on zkSync To increase profitability, a transition from Ethereum to zkSync is being used, with access through wallets such as Argent.
Taker Protocol DAO for cryptocurrency, synthetic assets, and NFT liquidity Supports crypto lending, borrowing, and NFT lending.
Mute.io DAO-oriented AMM, IDO, and farming protocol Utilizes zk-Rollup for fast transactions and increased privacy, eliminates gas fees.

The variety of decentralized applications (DApps) operating on zkSync, including AMM platforms like Curve and Mute.io, investment platforms like Yearn Finance, and liquidity providers like Taker Protocol, underscores the flexibility and stability of the zkSync ecosystem. This expansive network not only improves transaction efficiency and reduces costs but also deepens functionality in the decentralized finance (DeFi) sector.

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